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I found a website that helps us  understand the meaning of the names of English towns. My mother’s Finlinson, Trimble and Lennox came from Thursby in Cumberland England.

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I looked up the name Thursby in the “Key to English Place Names “website, and found that Thursby comes from old Norse – “thurs” = pers.n, and refers to a personal name, and ‘by’ is Old Norse meaning farmstead or village. So I looked up a couple of other towns that these families lived in, and  checked  some of the other towns/villages in the area. This search revealed that many of these town names also come from Old Norse, such as Aikton,  Orton, Kirkbride.  and Curthwaite, which was apparently is too small to get its own description, but is also Old Norse.  However, I had to do a bit of extra research to find that information. This helps me understand my 24% Scandinavian DNA. The website, Key to English Place-Names, can be found at http://kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/.


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5 Step Process.pngI’ve seen the genealogy research process with various different steps involved. I made my own which I call  a ‘5 Step Process.’

  1. Step One – Gather Tools – You can’t build anything without tools. The tools I use: are a timeline of the ancestor I’m researching, a research guide (I use the FamilySearch Wiki ), and a map [of course I love maps], and of course your research log.
  2. Step Two – Decide What You Need to Find – This includes making a list of missing information and a list of the sources you will need to check.  You can create this list when you look at your research guide.
  3. Step Three- Look for Sources- Check the internet for sources; be sure to look at any online libraries and archives. Check out WorldCat [to see if there are libraries in your area that may have the books you may need]. Check Google Books since most genealogy related books that most of us need will be in the public domain.
  4. Step Four – Collect and Organize- Collect  and ‘pull out’ the information from your sources. Read everything you have found for hidden clues about your family.  Use forms to help you organize your information. For example, a census form will help you see the family in context. Use your timeline throughout this entire process to help you know which information will be of value to you.
  5. Step Five – Enter and Evaluate -Put your data into a database program such as a free online tree [rootsweb.com or FamilySearch.org,  a free genealogy program such as RootsMagic Essentials, or subscription site such as Ancestry.com]. Then evaluate what you have by adding historical context, updating your timeline and identifying new records that may need to be checked.

No, you are not finished. You now go back to Step 3 and continue to drill down until you have found what you need. That is why they call it research – because you Re-Search.

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While getting ready for a class I’m teaching I came Screen Shot 2017-08-17 at 3.17.47 PM.pngacross a resource that I hadn’t used for a while. Is is called Linkpendium. It is a directory to everything on the web regarding genealogical information. This directory has over 10 million genealogy links.

Linkpendium was developed by the founders of RootsWeb. Since so many subjects fall within genealogy, the links seem almost endless. I won’t take time here to list everything that you  find.  For that you will want to go to the site itself; however, I will identify a few categories: Census records, Church records, Court records, Ethnic sites, Immigration and Naturalization records, Land records, Libraries and Archives, Maps and Gazetteers, Military records, Newspapers, Obituaries and Funeral homes, Surname websites, Tax lists and Vital records–and there are more.

To use  Linkpendium start with the Family Discoverer, which is the search engine at the top of the page which searches nearly 3 million indexed pages.

  • My search today for ‘Fanny Bliss Tuttle” led me to a different county in New York than I had been researching for this family.  It was a website on Jefferson County [New York] Migrations. I probably would never have found this information without a Linkpendium search.
  • It then led me to early maps from the 1868 Beers Atlas for the towns that Fanny lived in, in New York, and Massachusetts, and a Gazetteer which helped with the historical context of the area she lived in.
  • There is also a Locality Directory search. Using Berkshire MA as an example, I was able to find a County Court Records Directory, a link to an article in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, and a special Revolutionary War Pension Census. I actually found an article that I had written a few years ago on the FamilySearch Wiki, and a link to my own website.
  • There are records for other countries as well, however, mostly they are for the UK and Ireland.
  • It also provides links to message boards within RootsWeb where discussions may be taking place regarding your ancestor.
  • As usual with a linking site like this one, you will want to keep a research log to track the many places you will be visiting.

Happy Hunting!

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If you are stumped in your Family History ResearchBest brick wall.png you might want to take a look at some of the following.

  •  City Directories – occupations, etc. – Cyndi’s List
  • State Censuses –FamilySearch, look in Search Records
  • Tax Lists – shows property ownership and substitutes for Census –
  • Mortality Schedules – 1850-1880 list people who died the year prior to the census – Heritage Quest free with your library card number from most libraries
  • Newspapers – even the ads can be valuable – Genealogy Bank $ subscription or check your local Family History Center for free newspaper sites.
    • Look for ethnic newspapers that apply to your family.
  • Church Records – can tell when people moved in and out of an area –
  • Court Records – in the US at either a County or State Courthouse.
  • Funeral Home Records –
  • Historical Societies – [may be worth joining temporarily]-
  • PERSI [Periodical Source Index] Index is free at Find My Past
  • School Records –
  • Fraternal and National Organizations – [such as Elks, Masons, Grange]
  • Old Photos – Dead Fred
  • Library of Congress
  • NUCMUC [National Union Catalogue of Manuscript Collection]
  • State Archives and University Libraries [see blog July 2016]
  • Maps such as Dave Rumsey Maps and Perry Canstaneda Library Map Collection
  • Newberry Library interactive ‘Atlas of County Boundaries’
  • Google Books has great collection of digitized historical and genealogical books-
  • Google News Archives
  • Internet Archive

These sites and record groups often get overlooked. I have found them to be very valuable, so maybe they will help you also.


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I had always known I had ancestors who fought in the American Revolutionary War, and kept promising myself that I would join a Lineage Society like the Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR. Then one day my friend, Terry, announced that she had bought me a ticket to the DAR Christmas Dinner and told me when and where to meet her. I just needed a not so subtle push. I joined after proving my lineage to Eleazer Bliss who served in the American Revolution from Massachusetts

If your ancestors lived in any of what became the 13 Colonies, you probably have family who fought in the Ward of Independence. To find ancestors during the Revolutionary Ward period (1764-1783), you want to look for someone who was born between 1710 and 1765, though there may have been older men who served.

You may not be just looking for someone who served in a military capacity, but someone who supplied food, served in the Continental Congress, cared for soldiers families, ministers who encouraged patriotic service, persons who gave material aid to the soldiers, which includes Dr.s and Nurses. Your ancestors may also have given service by serving in town governments and other civil service responsibilities.

My ancestor, Adaonijah Bidwell, was a minister who donated 3 years of his salary to help fund the War. Jedidiah Dewey, another ancestor, was also a minister and was part of what is called the Black Robe Regiment. While not an actual fighting unit, it was comprised of ministers who kept the spirit of the revolution alive in their congregations by promoting American Independence and mustering support. Both men are considered Patriots. I have others who served in local militias and one who was killed at the battle of Saratoga, If you find one ancestor who served you probably have more, as fathers, sons, and grandfathers often rotated their service times to have someone at home caring for fields and herds, and their wives families often lived close,  and the wife’s father and grandfather may also have served.

The following Databases are free to search;

  • DAR Patriot Database where you can find your ancestor’s  name, their Patriot ID number, rank, where they served from, death date and location of records., unit name and commanding officers.
  • The DAR Descendants Database, which allows you to find out if you have an ancestor in the database by searching starting with your 4th g grandparents.
  • There is also a ‘learning document’  found on Finding A Patriot that can guide you through this process if you need help. Scroll down the page to where you see the Databases listed, and you will find the tutorials.

Whether or not you decide to join an organization such as the DAR of SAR [Sons of the American Revolution] these records give documentation to help you prove your ancestry.

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I’ve always known that I had Pioneer ancestors,Wagon Train Dirt Road.png but you may have them and not even know it.

Generally, if your ancestors moved to, and helped originally settled an area they may be considered to be Pioneers for that particular area and may be featured in books and databases that are dedicated to the original settlers. Those who came on the Oregon Trail, or to California during the Gold Rush, or Mormon Pioneers who settled what was called the Utah Territory were all Pioneers.

  • If your ancestors came to the Utah Territory before the coming of the railroad in 1869, they would be considered Pioneers.
  • The best way to find out if you have Mormon Pioneer ancestors is to take a look at your family tree and find those ancestors who died in the Utah, surrounding states, or the Colonies in Mexico, and were born somewhere else. Then check out the Overland Trail Website .
    • A search for your ancestor will tell you if they came as a Pioneer, which Wagon Company they came with, when they arrived in the Salt Lake Valley and who traveled with them. I like to search initially for just the surname, as it will pull up other family members who may have traveled separately, You will also find links to stories and journals about that particular company.
  • There is a similar site is available for those who came west on the Oregon Trail, though it is a bit more complicated to search.
  • Each State or area may have different criteria as to what is considered a Pioneer. For example, to join the Society of California Pioneers, your ancestors must have arrived in California prior to 1 January 1850

On the 24th of July in Utah we celebrate Pioneer Day with Parades, Rodeos, Fairs, Breakfasts and so much more. It is a good day to find out a bit more about those who came before you – Pioneer or not.

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Screen Shot 2017-07-10 at 3.03.28 PM.pngMy lost grandmother today is Amy Hutton Stewart, so I’m going to see what Google has. if I simply put in her names, I get a whopping 11 million plus results. So I need to narrow it down. Since I am looking for her parents, I want each search result to include her maiden name so I will search for :

  • Amy “Hutton” Stewart. Putting any word in quotes guarantees that word will be included in each result..
  • I know the time period she lived in, and where she lived. so I will add that to the search: Amy “Hutton” Stewart 1755…1839 Greenwich New York. Several dots between the dates allows Google to search a range of dates. I now only have over 6 thousand results – sill too many.
  • Moving the quotes to include the name “Amy Hutton” pulls my results down to 3, and that may be too few for me, but let’s explore the results.
  • If I have now looked at the results of my search and I’m pleased with the words I used in the search,  I can set up a Google Alert with the same search.

To set up a Google Alert you need a free google account. If you use gmail you already have an account. If not, it is worth setting one up not only to use the Alerts feature, but many other features that are helpful to genealogists.

  • Go to google.com/alerts and type or copy your search into the Alerts search field. Now the search engine at Google will continue to search the internet for you. If a new webpage is added that matches your search, or if new content is added to the pages you have looked at, you will get an email notification. The link within the email will take you to the new results.

Happy Google-ing.


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